Russian Railways works to improve and develop internal audit and control in accordance with the Organisational Development Programme of the Russian Railways Group until 2017, which was approved in 2014 and updated in December 2015.
Internal control and audit functions at Russian Railways are based on the current organisational and methodological framework prepared in accordance with the best international and national professional practices and meet the ethical standards in matters of internal audit and control adopted in the modern Russian and global business communities.
In 2015, Russian Railways updated and approved regulatory documents at the corporate and functional level that take into account the requirements of federal law and other regulatory legal acts as regards organising internal audit and control, including:
the Regulation on the Internal Control System at the Russian Railways Group, which was drafted taking into account the recommendations of the Russian Ministry of Finance and using the provisions of the framework ‘Internal Control. Integrated Model’ of the Committee of Sponsoring Organisations. The document specifies the purposes, objectives, functions, main requirements, operational structure and the distribution of responsibility among internal control entities.
The internal control system was established to provide reasonable assurance that the Russian Railways Group will achieve its goals.
The internal control system at Russian Railways is governed by a combination of subjects and objects. The objects of the internal control system are the financial and economic activities of Russian Railways divisions and business processes. The subjects of the internal control system are determined by the organisational structure of Russian Railways.
The main objectives of the Russian Railways Group’s internal control system are:
to ensure the efficiency and effectiveness of financial and economic activities;
to safeguard assets and use resources in a cost effective manner;
to identify and manage risks;
to ensure the accuracy and completeness of accounting (financial) and other types of reporting;
to observe the law and regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation and the regulatory documents of Russian Railways.
the Regulation on the Organisation of Internal Audits at the Russian Railways Group, which was drafted in accordance with the Guidelines for the Preparation of Internal Regulatory Documents of the Russian Federal Property Management Agency, approved by the order of the Russian Government that establishes the internal audit status at the Company and specifies the purposes, powers, responsibility and work principles of internal audits as well as rights for access to documents, personnel and assets as part of preparing for and conducting audits.
The goals of the internal audit system are to provide independent and objective information to the Board of Directors and executive management bodies about the status of financial and business activities, the reliability and effectiveness of the risk management and internal control systems and the corporate governance practice at the Company and its subsidiaries in order to maintain financial stability, enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of business processes, improve performance and achieve the Company’s goals.
The Russian Railways Group has updated its Internal Corporate Standards System for Auditing Activities in accordance with the requirements of the regulatory documents of the Russian Federation and international professional internal audit standards and also taking into account best practices, including for the introduction of the process approach, and amendments to the organisational and administrative documents of Russian Railways.
The Russian Railways Board of Directors and the Audit and Risk Committee under the Russian Railways Board of Directors determine the general focuses for organising the internal control and audit system, consider the assessment results of its effectiveness and analyse its actual condition taking into the nature, scale and conditions of the Russian Railways Group’s activities.
The Vice President and Internal Audit and Control Director of Russian Railways handles matters related to internal control and audits at the Company’s divisions.
A major role in the internal audit and control system at Russian Railways is played by the divisions that conduct an independent assessment of the activities of structural units and inform Company management about audit results — the Zheldorkontrol Internal Control Centre and Zheldoraudit Internal Audit Centre, which are directly subordinate to the Vice President and Internal Audit and Control Director of Russian Railways.
The Zheldorkontrol Internal Control Centre conducts audits of the financial and business activities of Russian Railways divisions, monitors compliance with measures to eliminate any violations or shortcomings that are found in the internal control system, coordinates the work of Russian Railways divisions as regards organising and carrying out internal control and provides Russian Railways management with reliable information about the financial and business activities of Russian Railways.
The Zheldoraudit Internal Audit Centre assesses the actual condition and effectiveness of the internal control system, including monitoring the quality of the independent assessments conducted by Russian Railways divisions, drafts recommendations to improve the effectiveness of the internal control system and introduce additional internal control procedures, and prepares information for Russian Railways management about the reliability of internal control procedures at the Company’s divisions.
The Zheldorkontrol and Zheldoraudit Centres have a total of 715 employees.
The Zheldorkontrol Centre includes regional offices located in the railway operating domains and has audit divisions.
The main objectives of internal audits and control are:
to organise and conduct audits that aim to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of business processes at the Russian Railways Group and the reliability of reporting, safeguard assets and comply with the requirements of the laws of the Russian Federation and the regulatory documents of Russian Railways and its subsidiaries;
a systematic and consistent assessment of the reliability and effectiveness of the internal control and risk management system as well as an assessment of corporate governance practices;
to provide reliable information in a timely manner to Russian Railways management about the status of financial and economic activities, the effectiveness of business processes, the reliability of internal control and risk management procedures as well as corporate governance at Russian Railways divisions;
to draft proposals and recommendations on ways to improve activities and enhance the reliability and effectiveness of the risk management and internal control systems as well as the corporate governance practices of the entity being audited and/or the Company as a whole;
to organise and carry out internal control that aims to achieve economic stability and financial transparency in the prescribed manner at the Company’s divisions and subsidiaries.
Continuous development and improvements to the internal audit and control system allow the Company to respond in a timely and proper manner to changes in the external environment and enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of activities.
Complete information about the procedures used to monitor the financial and business activities of the Company’s structural divisions and business processes enables management to adopt effective decisions and achieve the Company’s goals while ensuring a high level of control.
Biographical information about internal control and audit executives
Education: higher, Moscow Institute of Railway Engineers and a Master’s of Business Administration certificate of continuing professional education in corporate audit with in-depth foreign language study.
Professional experience at Russian Railways
2003–2012 — Deputy Director, Zheldorkontrol Internal Control and Audit Centre, Russian Railways; Director, Regional Management Centre in Moscow;
2013 — Director, Zheldorkontrol Internal Audit Centre, Russian Railways.